Skip to main content

30 September 1174: Conference at Mountlouis

Just a note to say that yesterday saw the anniversary of the Great Revolt of 1173-74 definitely brought to an end. On 30 September 1174, Henry the Young King, accompanied by his father-in-law Louis VII of France and his younger brothers, Richard and Geoffrey, was meeting his father the victorious Henry II at Mountlouis, between Tours and Amboise. The meeting probably began on the 29th - in the medieval calendar Michaelmas was one of the traditional days for peacemaking. Henry the Young King and his younger brothers had no other choice but to accept their father’s terms. The young Henry received two castles in Normandy and £ 15,000 in Angevin currency per annum, but he was to allow his youngest brother John to have Nottingham, Marlborough, and estates in Normandy and Anjou to the value of £ 2,000 annually, plus five castles. Richard received two castles and half the revenues of Poitou, and Geoffrey received half the inheritance of his future wife, Constance, the heiress to Brittany. A general amnesty was granted, with the conspicuous exceptions of William I of Scotland, the earls of Chester and Leicester, and a Breton lord Ralph de Fourages. The King of Scotland, one of Henry the Young King's chief allies in the rebellion, had to wait till 8 December 1174 to obtain his freedom. To gain his release he had no other choice but to accept the humiliating terms: he promised to do homage for Scotland to Henry II, give his brother David as a hostage and surrender the five main castles of ScotlandEdinburgh, Jedburgh, Roxburgh, Stirling and Berwick. “The Scottish Church was to be subject to the jurisdiction of that of England” and William’s nobles and clergy were to make their personal submissions to Henry.
The meeting has been vividly described by Ms. Sharon Kay Penman in her novel, The Devil's Brood, Chapter Nineteen, p.268, UK edition (2009)

On a brighter note, I have come across a brilliant review of Ms Elizabeth Chadwick's latest novel, The Winter Crown (2014), which gives us an intriguing clue about what we, the readers, may expect of her Henry the Young King. He has already made an auspicious start, appearing in the first sentence of the novel, which is a spectacular success. I have found the author's words moving and promising at the same time: "The Young King Henry, his father’s eldest legitimate son and heir, is an extraordinary figure in his own right, a light burning too bright, touched by tragedy." Does this mean we can expect the revealing insights into Henry's life, described with more understanding and compassion than the mainstream historians tend to show him? I sincerely do hope so! You can find the review here. Highly recommendable!


Comments

  1. So pleased to hear John got 5 castles!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Not so pleased myself, Anerje! And Henry the Young Young not so pleased either. Those were his castles, after all :-)

      Delete
    2. So why did they call him Lackland, if he got a bunch of castles. Castles are nice. :-)

      Delete
    3. "Lackland", if my memory serves me, was a pet name, given to John by Henry II himself. When John was born there was no land for him to share, hence the nickname. Henry found a way to remedy this and conquered Ireland :-)

      Delete
  2. Lol Kasia - it's always good for older brothers to share;)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Well, the first such "sharing" led to the outbreak of the Great Revolt, which I find ironic, for the uprising ended with "sharing" as well, as I have mentioned above.

      Delete
  3. Poor William. I admit I have a soft spot for the Scottish kings.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. David I, Malcolm IV and William I are my favourite Scottish kings, with the stress put on David :-) He had a great sense of humor, the fact that the chroniclers of the times found well worth mentioning.

      Delete
  4. In her 2009 article, "Duchesses and Devils, the Breton Succession Crisis (1148-1189)," Melissa Pollock suggests the involvement of Margaret, the widow of Conan IV and mother of Constance, in the 1173 rebellion. Margaret was the sister of William the Lion of Scotland, and she likely resented Henry II taking control of Brittany from her late husband.

    Malcolm Craig

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yes, Malcolm. I learnt about Margaret's involvement in the Great Revolt thanks to you and the copy of Duchesses and Devils that you kindly sent to me. Fascinating read. Highly recommendable.

      Delete
  5. Are you paying more than $5 / pack of cigarettes? I'm buying high quality cigarettes at Duty Free Depot and this saves me over 50%.

    ReplyDelete

Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

19 December 1154. Coronation of Henry's Parents

On Sunday, 19 December 1154, Henry the Young King's parents were crowned king and queen of England at Westminster Abbey by Theobald Archbishop of Canterbury*. The chronicler Henry of Huntigdonexpressed the feelingsthat must have filled all the hearts in the ravaged by the civil war England: … Henry was crowned and consecrated with becoming pomp and splendour, amidst universal rejoicing, which many mingled with tears of joy!’ (Henry of Huntingdon p.296-97).
The then Henry fitz Empress was staying in Normandy when he learned that on 25 October king Stephen died. ‘… Theobald, archbishop of Canterbury, with many nobles, dispatched messengers in all haste to their now lord the Duke of Normandy, intreating him to come over without delay, and receive the crown of England. Hindered, however, by contrary winds and a stormy sea, as well as other circumstances, it was not till six days before Christmas that, accompanied by his wife and brothers, with a retinue of great nobles and a strong forc…

28 February 1155: In Celebration of Henry the Young King's Birthday

On the pages of his Chronicon Geoffrey, prior of Vigeois, described in meticulous detail how young Henry packed as much repentance into his deathbed as he could before he passed away.  Geoffrey left nothing unsaid. The hair shirt, bed of ashes, halter around neck, Bernard, bishop of Agen administering the last rites, and many other men of religion … all was there to ‘draw the readers attention away from the affairs of this world to those of the next’. Of course, Geoffrey, a man of religion himself, must have seen young Henry’s untimely passing as a divine punishment. But there were other voices who disagreed with that of the prior. Thomas de Agnellis, for example, in his sermon claimed that as the Young King’s sad retinue was toiling over the jolly sunbathed hills and dales of Aquitaine, it became the focus for many miracles. The rumors of the late king’s sainthood began to circulate. The monasteries pillaged by him shortly before his death- as it happened some of the most sacred shri…

1 December 1135. Death of Henry I, the Great-Grandfather of Henry the Young King.

On 1 December 1135 Henry the Young King’s paternal great-grandfather and namesake, Henry I ofEnglanddied after 35-year reign. The reign marked by legal and administrative changes that assured prosperity and peace in bothEngland andNormandy(the latter had been won by Henry from his elder brother Robert Curthose in 1106).
At the time of his death Henry was staying inNormandyat a hunting lodge at Lyons-la-ForĂȘt. As Henry of Huntigdon reports: “… he partook of some lampreys, of which he was fond, though they always disagreed with him; and though his physician recommended him to abstain, the king would not submit to his salutary advice… This repast bringing on ill humours, and violently exciting similar symptoms, caused a sudden and extreme disturbance, under which his aged frame sunk into a deathly torpor… “ (p.259-60)

The old king was known for the “great delight in his grandchildren, born of his daughter by the Count of Anjou”* and they were  probably with him in those last moments of his…